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David Genereux


5135 Jordan Hall, NC State University, Raleigh NC 27695-8208


Field work in NC with PhD student Troy Gilmore
Field work in NC with former PhD student Troy Gilmore, left (currently associate professor at the University of Nebraska)
Field work in Costa Rica, post-doc Diana Oviedo Vargas
Field work in Costa Rica, with former post-doc Diana Oviedo Vargas (currently research scientist at Stroud Water Research Center)

Since 2000 I have been on the faculty at N.C. State University, where I carry out research and teaching in hydrogeology. Prior to that I was on the faculty at Florida International University (FIU) in Miami, where I held joint appointments between the Department of Geology and two research centers: the Drinking Water Research Center and the Southeast Environmental Research Center. During 2009-2014 I was the Associate Director for Research in the Water Resources Research Institute of the University of North Carolina, and during 2016-2018 served on the board of directors of the Consortium of Universities for the Advancement of Hydrologic Science, Inc. (CUAHSI), including a year as chair of the board in 2017.  I’ve been an associate editor for scientific journals (Water Resources Research and the Journal of Contaminant Hydrology), served on grant program panels at the National Science Foundation (NSF), Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and Department of Agriculture (USDA), and served as both a member and chair of the Water Quality Technical Committee of the American Geophysical Union (AGU).

My research focuses on hydrogeology and the coupled fluxes of water and chemicals at the interface between groundwater and surface water, including agricultural nutrients, VOCs, and more recently GenX and related PFAS. Gas exchange at stream surfaces is also a focus area.  This work has been funded by NSF, USDA, DOE, and other sources, and most of it is accomplished through collaborative efforts with colleagues in related areas of engineering and geoscience. Most of my projects center around field and lab measurements, with use of models to tackle some questions, and the work has included a range of field settings: the Everglades, forested watersheds in Massachusetts and Tennessee, tropical rainforest in Costa Rica, the Nebraska Sand Hills, and agricultural and urban watersheds in North Carolina.

GRE general test is recommended for applicants in hydrogeology

Recent Publications (*student author  †post-doc author)

Nickels*, J.L., D.P. Genereux, D.R.U. Knappe. 2023. Improved Darcian streambed measurements to quantify flux and mass discharge of volatile organic compounds from a contaminated aquifer to an urban stream. Journal of Contaminant Hydrology, 253, 104124,

Zeyrek*, C., A. Mittelstet, T.E. Gilmore, V.A. Zlotnik, D.K. Solomon, D.P. Genereux, C.E. Humphrey*, N. Shrestha*. 2023. Modeling groundwater transit time distributions and means across a Nebraska watershed: effects of heterogeneity in the aquifer, riverbed, and recharge parameters.  Journal of Hydrology, 617, 128891,

Marzolf, N.S.*, G.E. Small, D. Oviedo-Vargas, C.N. Ganong, J.H. Duff, A. Ramírez, C.M. Pringle, D.P. Genereux, M. Ardón. 2022. Partitioning inorganic carbon fluxes from paired O2 – CO2 gas measurements in a neotropical headwater stream, Costa Rica. Biogeochemistry,

Humphrey, C.E.*, D.K. Solomon, D.P. Genereux, T.E. Gilmore, A.R. Mittelstet, V.A. Zlotnik, C. Zeyrek*, C.R. Jensen*, M.R. MacNamara*. 2022. Using automated seepage meters to quantify the spatial variability and net flux of groundwater to a stream.  Water Resources Research, 58, e2021WR030711,

Pétré, M.-A., K.R. Salk, H.M. Stapleton, P.L. Ferguson, G. Tait, D.R. Obenour, D.R.U. Knappe, D.P. Genereux. 2022. Per- and poly-fluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in river discharge: modeling loads upstream and downstream of a PFAS manufacturing plant in the Cape Fear watershed, North Carolina. Science of the Total Environment, volume 831, 154763,

Genereux, D.P. 2022. Addendum to “Quantifying uncertainty in tracer-based hydrograph separations” for three-component mixing problems. Water Resources Research, volume 58, e2022WR031987,

Jensen, C.R.*, D.P. Genereux, T.E. Gilmore, D.K. Solomon, A.R. Mittelstet, C.E. Humphrey*, M.R. MacNamara*, C. Zeyrek*, V. Zlotnik. 2022. Estimating groundwater mean transit time from SF6 in stream water: field example and planning metrics for a reach mass-balance approach.  Hydrogeology Journal, 30: 479–494.

Pétré, M.-A., D.P. Genereux, L. Koropeckyj-Cox*, D.R.U. Knappe, S. Duboscq*, T.E. Gilmore, Z. Hopkins*. 2021. Per- and polyfluoroalkyl substance (PFAS) transport from groundwater to streams near a PFAS manufacturing facility in North Carolina, USA.  Environmental Science & Technology, 55(9): 5848-5856,

Solomon, K.D., E. Humphrey, T.E. Gilmore, D.P. Genereux, V. Zlotnik. 2020. An automated seepage meter for streams and lakes.  Water Resources Research,

Osburn, C.L., D. Oviedo-Vargas, E. Barnett*, D. Dierick, S.F. Oberbauer, D.P. Genereux.  2018.  Regional groundwater and storms are hydrologic controls on the quality and export of dissolved organic matter in two tropical rainforest streams, Costa Rica.  Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences 123: 850-866,

Gilmore*, T.E., D.P. Genereux, D.K. Solomon, K.M. Farrell, H. Mitasova.  2016.  Quantifying an aquifer nitrate budget and future nitrate discharge using field data from streambeds and well nests.  Water Resources Research, 52: 9046-9065,

Oviedo-Vargas, D., D. Dierick, D.P. Genereux, S.F. Oberbauer.  2016.  Chamber measurements of high CO2 emissions from a rainforest stream receiving old C-rich regional groundwater.  Biogeochemistry, 130: 69-83,

Heilweil, V., D.K. Solomon, T. Darrah, T.E. Gilmore*, and D.P. Genereux.  2016.  A gas-tracer experiment for evaluating the fate of methane in a coastal plain stream:  Degassing versus in-stream oxidation.  Environmental Science and Technology, 50(19): 10504–10511,

Gilmore*, T.E., D.P. Genereux, D.K. Solomon, J.E. Solder*.  2016.  Groundwater transit time distribution and mean from streambed sampling in an agricultural coastal plain watershed, North Carolina, USA.  Water Resources Research, 52, 2025-2044,

Gilmore*, T.E., D.P. Genereux, D.K. Solomon, J.E. Solder*, B.A. Kimball, H. Mitasova, F. Birgand. 2016. Quantifying the fate of agricultural nitrogen in an unconfined aquifer: stream-based observations at three measurement scales. Water Resources Research, 52, 1961-1983,

Solomon, D.K., T.E. Gilmore*, J. Solder*, B. Kimball, D.P. Genereux. 2015. Evaluating an unconfined aquifer by analysis of age-dating tracers in stream water. Water Resources Research, 51, 8883–8899,

Oviedo-Vargas†, D., D.P. Genereux, D. Dierick†, and S.F. Oberbauer. 2015. The effect of regional groundwater on carbon dioxide and methane emissions from a lowland rainforest stream in Costa Rica. Journal of Geophysical Research – Biogeosciences, 120, 2579-2596,


BS Geology/Chemistry University of Delaware 1984

MS Civil Engineering MIT 1988

PhD Hydrology MIT 1991